Monday, March 14, 2011
If traced their origins, the humor comes from the Latin word meaning old as well fluid. Since 400 BC Greeks thought that the man's mood is determined by four kinds of fluid in the body, namely blood (sanguis), mucus (phlegm), yellow bile (chlorer), black bile (Melancholy).
Balancing the amount of liquid to determine the mood. Excess one of them will bring a certain atmosphere. Blood determine the atmosphere of joy (sanguine), phlegm and determine the atmosphere of cold (phlegmatic), yellow bile determine the atmosphere of anger (chloreric), and black bile determine the atmosphere of sadness (melancholic).
Each liquid has its own characteristics in affecting everyone. Lack of blood causes the person is not easily provoked, an excess of yellow bile led to so arrogant, vindictive, ambitious, and cunning (Manser, 1989).
The first theory is an attempt to explain about something called humor. However, the doctrine established by this plateau seems to have nothing to do with common sense today. In further developments over the centuries was born all kinds of theories that attempt to define humor, which refers to the artina humor like that now commonly meant, that has to do with all that menbuat people into laughing happily.
The development of humor in English has been institutionalized since the 16th century (Galley, 1997). in this period, there were writers and players theater humor that is often referred to comedy players. The popular comedian Ben Johnson, one of his work titled man out of his humor. The work shows two different forms of humor in life, the humor in words and humor in behavior. The 17th century is an era of very rapid for the development of humor in English, especially in terms of theatrical comedy and humorous script. Comedy theater eventually became a tradition the next period.
Mid-18th century, theatrical humor metamorphosed into satire. Until the end of the 18th century, it became fashionable form of theater throughout mainland Europe. Humor of the 19th century in Europe to determine a new shape in the form of comics. Century was marked by the emergence of a variety of comic humor from Germany, which later became the craze all over mainland Europe and even reached the U.S. mainland and Asia.
In mainland Europe and most Americans, humor was considered to be a part of life (gauter, 1988). even regarded as an art equal to any other art. After increasing the role of humor, especially in the form of comic dna comedy, satire equivalent, in the early 20th century, humor into a new era. At the beginning of the century, humor is very dominant in the theater and film comedy. Until then, the mass media is still a fertile field for life humor. Comedy and satire persisted in certain circles. Charlie chaplin, who was born April 1889, is a famous comedian in the world of modern humor. The film, starring giving immense inspiration in the development of humor in general. Humor became one object of research since the beginning of the 20th century. Various writings on humor has been published by scientists from various branches of social sciences, especially from the perspective of psychology.
In Indonesia, informally, humor sedah also become part of folk art such as, ludruk, ketoprak, lenong, shadow puppets, puppet show and so forth. The element of humor in the arts groups into supporting element, even a decisive element of attraction. Humor is another term often referred to as comedy, jokes, slapstick, and so on, became more institutionalized after Indonesian independence, the emergence of groups such buffoonery.
Another development occurred in the print media, both magazines and newspapers.
Theories of humor
The theory of humor are huge numbers, none are exactly the same as the others, none of which can describe the overall humor, and everything tends to be affected.
Today, the most common sense of humor, is something funny, which caused amusement or laughter. Humor synonymous with everything that is funny, which makes people laugh. The definition is not wrong. In the encyclopedia Indonesia (1982), as stated by the faithful.
"Humor to urge that the quality of amusement or funny, due to lack pantasannya keganjilannya or ridiculous; blend between a sense of humor is essential in the human self and consciousness of living with an attitude of sympathetic pity."
Furthermore, theories of humor are divided into groups tida (Manser, 1989), includes: (1) theories of superiority and disparaging, that is if the fun of being in a super position, while the object is in a position ridiculed degradation (slighted or insulted). Plato, Cicero, Aristotle, and francis bacon (dalamGauter, 1988) says that people laugh when there is something ridiculous and out of the ordinary.
Ludicrous is defined as something that violates the rules or something very bad. Jokes that cause ketertawaan, also contains a lot of hatred. The joke always arise from an error / mistake that tease and anger, (2) theory on the imbalance, give up hope, and bisosiasi. Arthur Koestler (setiawan, 1990) in biosiasinya theory says that the thing that underlies all forms of humor is biosiasi, which suggests two possible situations or events that occur simultaneously. The context has created a variety of associations, (3) theories about the release of tension or release of pressure. Humor can arise from a deceit and trickery, to appear in the form of sympathy dna understanding; can be a symbol of liberation of tension and pressure, can be a common phrase or elite, can also be serious as cheap as satire and humor of the road. Humor does not interfere with the truth.
Fuad Hasan in writing "humor and personality" (1981) divide the humor in two major groups, namely (1) humor basically in the form of aggressive action that is intended to melakuakkn degradation of a person, (2) humor is the act to vent their distress in ways that lightweight and can be understood, with the result kendornya stress.
Spirits faithful (in Suhadi, 1989), mengatkaan as follows:
"It is a sense of humor or symptoms that stimulate us to laugh or laugh acenderung mentally, he had a feeling, or consciousness, within us (sense of humor); could be a symptom Atua copyright results from both in and outside ourselves. When confronted with humor, we can simply laugh off or inclined to laugh only; eg smile or feel tingling in the mind alone. Stimulus must be generated separately laugh mental stimulation, not physical stimuli such as dikili-seam that brings a sense of amused but not the result of humor. "