Theatre or performing arts is one of direct communication media and become an important vehicle in spreading the ideas and culture throughout history. Theatre, sometimes thrusting the question to the public and sometimes also recounts the tragedy that is so wrenching, forcing the audience drift contributed to cry, but sometimes also make them a hearty laugh. Traditional ritual theater and the performing arts are part of the roots of ancient culture or beliefs of a nation. Such performing arts into a kind of memory that still stand to save a memorable moment of life and human activity is not integral with prayers and ritual beliefs. In those days, humans live in harmony with nature and consider themselves as part and parcel of nature. Therefore, theatrical ritual that developed at that time to package the various concepts that looks different it becomes an art spectacle.
Iran has a theater and traditional rituals that are very diverse, such as: Siyah BaZi, baqal BaZi, pardeh khani, khimeh shab BaZi, shamael gardani, naqali, and taziyeh or shabih khani. But most of the traditional performing arts of Iran is now increasingly rare find there is even a live name alone. But some others are progressively changing and growing rapidly in accordance with the demands of society.
Therefore, in an effort to excavate and revive a traditional ritual and theater, recently held in Tehran International Festival of Theatre Ritual-Traditional 14th. Since last year, the festival expanded scale to the international level and displays a number of theatrical and traditional rituals from around the world.
In this festival, held various kinds of performing arts, ranging from theater performances, theater field, to the Iranian theater and traditional rituals such as shabih khani, qahweh Khane-i, khimeh shab BaZi, and patuq. In addition, delegates from India, Italy, Hong Kong, South Korea, and Bulgaria, also featuring theater-traditional rituals. Recorded 42 and 60 Iranian theater performing arts short duration special children staged in the festival this time. On the sidelines of the festival awards ceremony was also held to four senior figures in the Iranian theater activists.
One of the important session of the International Festival of Theatre Ritual-Traditional 14Tehran is that the international seminar on theater-traditional ritual that lasted for three days. In addition to featuring local speakers, some speakers from Italy, Finland, Afghanistan, USA, Tanzania, Germany, Singapore, Japan, Sweden, Turkey, and Turkmenistan were also present. Besides seminars, the festival committee also organizes training and educational theater forum to know more deeply and find the elements of similarity and difference of rituals from various countries.
Players theater and writers from Iran, Reza Kiyaniyan in his speech at the seminar said, "Theater-traditional rituals require new approaches and long-term planning. The theater activists should revive the traditional performing arts with a new perspective and linking them with actual issues. The researchers in this field can also give a lot, because in the present social problems requires planning and theater can be packaged in a format seapik possible. In the first stage, researchers must explore the ancient texts and classical, then continued by showing the substance of theater activists Actual through traditional formats. The problem that is not less significant are the artists take advantage of high ability in this type of art and traditional theater arts teachers. "
An introducing traditional theater to the community is an important way to maintain the viability of the performing arts. "He further said," requires the promotion of traditional theater, but the effort was not enough by Relying on classical and traditional perceptions. We must create a structural change in the substance of traditional theater, but by maintaining the full rules staging, so that it can materialize a new experience. Even in some cases, the format and appearance of staging must be changed as well. Society today is very different from the type of people hundreds of years ago. They have new demands and tastes as well. Therefore, the theater had to work on problems of their daily lives. That way, a kind of innovation that will ensure the preservation of traditional theater and keep it for future generations. "
Indeed, traditional theater we know today was born of a particular social situation that is different from current conditions. There are many researchers who recognize that if the theater traditional theater staged in accordance with the original format, would not be much public interest. And slowly will turn it into a decent variety of art dimuseumkan.
Traditional theater is part of cultural identity and become the cultural wealth of the nations of ancient civilized. Yet most experts assess the need to holding art shows changes in the performing arts in accordance with the demands of modern society.Digging back to the roots of traditional theater history is the first step to deploy the changes. In addition, knowing the origin-asul and find original elements of traditional theater by separating it from social and political tendencies that surrounded him in the past is one way to find the basic format. In addition, combining traditional theater with modern touches like the use of innovative lighting, decorations, and music is one way to make the performing arts tradisional look more attractive.
Dejakam Amir, a director, players and home theater writer believes that if Iran Iranian traditional theater recognized correctly and restarted, it could be a domain that is conducive to growth and development of Iranian theater. He further explained, "The performance of traditional classical theater is not interesting anymore for modern public and just entertain them a few hours only. Therefore, efforts to promote traditional theater art must be accompanied by the reconstruction of this stage. The life of traditional society and the problems they should be able to infiltrate in traditional theater. For only in a way that traditional theater can survive. "
Another point to note also is the traditional Iranian theater is also taking place the process of actualization. For example, during the Iranian traditional theater like Shabih khani showed only heroic story of Imam Husayn and his companions in the event of Ashura. But now, a number of Iranian theater artists begin delivering them by carrying the heroic events of Iranian fighters in the eight-year war imposed on Iran Iraqi Baath regime in the decade of the 1980s.